Gangs (references)


John Hagedorn
The Enclyclopedia of Community
Sage Publications
Karen Christianson and David Levinson,
General Editors
pp 517-522

Further Reading

Booth, M. (1999). The dragon syndicates: The global phenomenon of the Triads. New York: Carrol & Graff.

Bursik Jr., R. J., & Grasmik, H. G. (1993). Neighborhoods and crime: The dimensions of effective community control. New York: Lexington Books.

Chicago Commission on Race Relations. (1922). The Negro in Chicago. Chicago: City of Chicago.

Clark, K. B. (1965). Dark ghetto: Dilemmas of social power. New York: Harper & Row.

Cloward, R., &. Ohlin, L. (1960). Delinquency and opportunity. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

DuBois, W. E. B. (1989). The souls of Black folk. New York: Penguin Books. (Original work published 1902)

Fry, J. R. (1973). Locked-out Americans: A memoir. New York: Harper & Row.

Hagedorn, J. M. (n.d.). Retrieved October 15, 2002, from

Hagedorn, J. M. (1988). People and folks: Gangs, crime, and the underclass in a rustbelt city. Chicago: Lakeview Press.

Hagedorn, J. M. (2002). Gangs and the informal economy. In R. Huff (Ed.), Gangs in America III (pp. 101<N>120). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Hazlehurst, K., & Hazlehurst, C. (Eds.). (1998). Gangs and youth subcultures: International explorations. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Jacobs, J. (1977). Stateville. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Klein, M. (1971). Street gangs and street workers. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Klein, M. (1995). The American street gang: Its nature, prevalence, and control. New York: Oxford University Press.

Klein, M., Kerner, H.-J., Maxson, C., & Weitekamp, E. G. M. (Eds.). (2001). The Eurogang paradox: Street gangs and youth groups in the U.S. and Europe. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.

Miller, W. (1975). Violence by youth gangs and youth groups as a crime problem in major American cities. Washington,
DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

Moore, J. W. (1978). Homeboys: Gangs, drugs, and prison in the barrios of Los Angeles. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Moore, J. W. (1991). Going down to the barrio: Homeboys and homegirls in change. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

New York City Youth Board. (1960). Reaching the fighting gang. New York: author.

Perkins, U. E. (1987). Explosion of Chicago's black street gangs. Chicago: Third World Press.

Schneider, E. C. (1999). Vampires, dragons, and Egyptian kings. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Short, J. F. J. (1963). Introduction to the revised edition. In F. Thrasher, The gang: a study of 1313 gangs in Chicago Chicago: University of Chicago.

Spergel, I. A. (1995). The youth gang problem: A community approach. New York: Oxford University Press.

Suttles, G. D. (1968). The social order of the slum. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Taylor, C. (1989). Dangerous society. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Thrasher, F. (1927). The gang: A study of 1313 gangs in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Venkatesh, S. A. (2000). American project: The rise and fall of a modern ghetto. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Vigil, D. (2002). A rainbow of gangs: Street cultures in the mega-city. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Whyte, W. F. (1943). Street corner society. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Yablonsky, L. (1959). The delinquent gang as a near-group. Social Problems, 7(2), 108<N>117.