Jeff Fort testifying before the McClellan Committee
investigating the Rangers and The Woodlawn Organization (TWO).
Picture from UWM Magazine.
The Rangers were also in the forefront of trying to organize gang
truces in the 1960s
The story of the Blackstone Rangers has been written by Rev.
John R. Fry, Locked Out Americans: A Memoir, published
in 1973 by Harper & Row, New York. Timuel
Black also recounts the story of the evolution of the Rangers
from school boys to gang in his remarks to the Chicago Gang History
Blackstone was the first Chicago gang or organization to form
"clubs" in other cities, setting up chapters in Cleveland,
Milwaukee, and Gary by 1967.
The Rangers would be renamed the Black P. Stone Nation and then
the El Rukns, as Fort and the Ranger leadership became Muslims.
The "Grand Temple" was the central
meeting place for the El Rukns, and was raided by police and demolished.
The El Rukns would evolve and were seriously crippled
with the arrest of Jeff Fort for conspiracy in connection
with Libyan terrorism.
Lance Williams gives a critical overview of the history
of the Blackstone Rangers.