Chicago Flame 3/29/2005
Ex-con speaks on gang experience

After serving 11 years, Bobby Gore speaks on current fight for clemency

By Vikram Patel

UIC Staff photograph

UIC News Article

Criticism of "pro-gang professor" for bringing Gore to UIC


a project of



Other Linx

The Northwestern University Center for Wrongful Convictions


The Safer Foundation



Former Conservative Vice Lords leader Fred "Bobby" Gore spoke about his experiences with the gang, before and after his incarceration, in the Illinois Room Tuesday, March 15.

Gore was found guilty of murder in December 1969, and was sentenced 25 to 40 years in prison. After serving 11 years at Stateville Penitentiary, he was released and immediately began a campaign for clemency, claiming he did not murder 23 year-old Thurman Williams.

"I ended up getting convicted of a murder that I didn't commit," Gore said.

Gore was neatly dressed and wore a traditional African hat, expressing cultural pride, something he asserts the Vice Lords tried to foster during his reign as spokesman.
Gore pointed the finger at Chicago's criminal justice system for purportedly allowing corrupt practices to take place under the Richard J. Daley administration. "Cops would shoot guys and say someone else did it," he said.

He characterized the modern gang structure as frightening, claiming that things have changed drastically since his days.

The lecture included the presentation of a History Channel documentary outlining the Conservative Vice Lords' failed transition from street gang to political and community organization. The documentary, like much of the lecture, expressed that the Conservative Vice Lords' progress was hindered immediately after Bobby Gore's imprisonment.

photograph by John Hagedorn

Judge Patrick Murphy, Gore's lawyer in 1969, was not allowed to discuss certain details of the case, but asserted "Bobby Gore is innocent."

Murphy claims that many aspects of Gore's trial were biased resulting in a wrongful conviction. "Blacks were kicked off the jury box," he said.
Robert Warden, executive director of the Northwestern University Wrongful Conviction Center and the attorney for Gore's clemency case, puts much of the blame on the administration of the 1969 murder trial.

"Erroneous eyewitness identifications are the largest single cause of wrongful conviction in the United States. It is inherently unreliable," Warden said, emphasizing what he believes is one of the main reasons for Gore's conviction. Warden also said that details from the original murder trial are missing. "The system has lost the trial transcript... but we are close to recovering it," he said.

Warden, nevertheless, is optimistic about the case and confident that justice will prevail. "It's our promise to Bobby, and it's our promise to you," he concluded.
When asked how families can deter the influence of street gangs on modern society, Gore simply said, "Family foundation is first priority."

Gore was accompanied by his wife and children, who still reside in the Lawndale area, the former capital of the Conservative Vice Lords regime.